Muscle spasms are generally self-limited to 2-4 weeks in length, with corresponding muscle relaxant treatment options reflecting acute duration of use
Nonspecific, low back pain is a predominant manifestation of muscle spasm, and in
most cases, has no underlying cause
Nonpharmacologic treatment is first recommended for muscle spasm relief, followed by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. aspirin, ibuprofen), muscle relaxants, and/or diazepam or botulinum toxin in refractory cases
3. Deyo RA, Weinstein JN. N Engl J Med 2001; 344:363. 4. Chou R. In the clinic. Ann Intern Med 2014; 160:ITC6. 5. Crit Rev Phys Rehabil Med. 2013; 25(1-2): 11–22.
6. [Guideline] American Academy of Neurology.National Guideline Clearinghouse. Available at Accessed: January 2, 2018.
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